Sound Cultures of the World (MUS 250 World Music)
Supplemental CD: Africa, Middle East, Spain, Cuba
(key words in bold)
 Nhemamusasa (title, "cutting branches for shelter") note buzzy, complex timbre, polyrhythm. Instrument: mbira.
girls initiation music -- 2 short examples. note interlocking parts (hocket)
of equal importance (polyphony).
Africa – Mande
 praise song (genre), “Ala L’a Ke” (title). note descending melodic line. Instrument: kora
Africa – Ewe people (
 Gadzo, a dance – listen for the bell part and how the other rhythms shift around it (polyrhythm) (selections from Excursions in World Music textbook CD). Compare to Avles Atsia Suite listening example.
 sung recitation of the Koran. Segment name: Sura Josef. Note the step-wise melodic organization, the non-metrical feel, and the silences.
 Double clarinet (mitbij) &
percussion (naqqarat - small double kettle drum) At 5:00, the rhythmic mode is changed (from a fast 5
to 8). (
 A taksim (genre/practice) played on
the ud exploring a maqam.
Soloist: Munir Bashir . Note silences
& the subtle drift between non-metrical & metrical sections. (
 Persian vocal performance (
 Flamenco (genre) (title: Soleá). Note that the vocal line is full of florid ornamentation and intensity. Hurtin’ lyrics: "Why do you mistreat me so? ... " Emphasis on improvisation. (CD title: Cante Gitano, Nimbus Records NI 5168).
 traditional music performed by John Santos, Coro Folklorico Kindembo, CD title Hacia El Amor; Note clave rhythm & rhythmic complexity. More information at www.johnsantos.com. Rumba (genre) - Cuban music with strong African roots; performed by an ensemble of three conga drums, other percussion, and claves (the instrument) with a lead singer and chorus; party music with dancing and commentary on everyday life & love.
revised Aug 2007